For those who are suffering from hyperpigmentation, life can be hard for them as they have to constantly deal with decreased self-esteem and self-confidence. Hyperpigmentation can affect how you look or even cause you to stand out among other people in a negative way, which is why getting the right treatment is essential. Let’s see how Skin Clinic Johor Bahru, Klinik Suzana can help you.
Many of you might have heard of the word “hyperpigmentation” during your science or biology classes, but how many of you are familiar with the term when it comes to skin diseases?
This article will get into all the details of hyperpigmentation that you should know and some of you might benefit from this if you are currently going through any hyperpigmentation issues.
What Are the Types of Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition characterised by an increase in the production of melanin, the pigment that gives our skin its colour. It can affect both men and women and can range from mild to severe. The most common types of hyperpigmentation are post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), melasma, age spots, and freckles.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is the most common type of hyperpigmentation. It usually occurs as a result of an injury or inflammation to the skin as a result of acne or other medical conditions such as eczema or psoriasis. PIH presents with patches or spots of darker than normally pigmented skin that tend to be brown, purple or grey. This type of discolouration can take several weeks or even months to fade away on its own but may require medical intervention if it persists for too long.
Melasma is another form of hyperpigmentation that affects mainly women, particularly those with darker skin tones. It presents symmetrical patches across the face, especially around the eyes and cheeks and is often triggered by hormonal changes during pregnancy. Melasma tends to have a tan or brown colouration and is quite difficult to treat due to its stubborn nature. Sunscreen use is essential when treating this type of discolouration as it will prevent further darkening caused by UV radiation exposure from the sun’s rays.
Age spots are also known as sunspots and typically appear on areas exposed to sunlight such as the face, neck, back, arms and hands. They tend to be darker than surrounding areas and vary in size from tiny freckles to larger flat patches that may appear rough or scaly upon examination. Age spots are usually harmless but if they cause concern they can be lightened using topical products containing retinoids or hydroquinone which suppress melanin production to reduce their appearance over time
Who Can Be Affected By Pigmentation?
Pigmentation, the colouring of a person’s skin, hair, and eyes, can affect anyone regardless of age or ethnicity. While certain skin tones tend to be more predisposed to pigmentation issues, even people with lighter skin tones can experience problems such as hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is when cells overproduce melanin, causing dark patches on the skin due to an excess of pigment. This is usually caused by sun exposure or hormonal changes.
Hypopigmentation is the opposite; it occurs when there is not enough pigment in an area of the skin, which results in uneven whitish patches. Common causes of this include vitiligo and albinism, both of which are inherited genetic disorders that cause a lack of melanin production in the body. Pigment disorders can affect anyone at any time in their life; however, those with darker skin tones are typically more susceptible because they produce higher amounts of melanin naturally.
Other factors that can influence pigmentation include inflammation from acne lesions or autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis, allergic reactions to certain products or medications (such as hydroquinone or steroids), exposure to UV radiation from tanning beds or prolonged outdoor activities without proper sunscreen protection, and excessive use of certain skincare products with harsh ingredients. Although some people may have had pigmentation issues since birth – either due to heredity or environmental factors – many cases present later on in life due to lifestyle choices and exposure to environmental pollutants such as heavy metals and other toxins found in air pollution.
Regardless of what causes one’s pigment disorder, if left untreated it can cause permanent discolouration which can lead to both physical and emotional struggles as well as increased risk for certain types of skin cancer. Therefore affected individuals need to seek medical advice from a dermatologist immediately if they notice any changes in their pigmentation patterns so they can properly diagnose the issue and find the right treatment plan for their individual needs.
How Can You Treat Hyperpigmentation?
Treating hyperpigmentation can be done in a variety of ways, depending on the individual case. First, it is important to understand the underlying cause of the discolouration. Hyperpigmentation often occurs as a result of sun exposure, inflammation, hormonal fluctuations, or medications.
For mild cases of hyperpigmentation caused by sun exposure, topical creams and lotions containing hydroquinone or kojic acid may help reduce the appearance of dark spots. Chemical peels or laser treatments that target specific areas may also be beneficial. For more severe cases of hyperpigmentation caused by inflammation or other factors, prescription medications such as tretinoin or corticosteroids may be necessary to lighten the affected area.
In addition to topical treatments and laser treatments for deeper pigmentation issues, microdermabrasion is another option for treating hyperpigmentation. This involves using tiny crystals to exfoliate away dead skin cells from the surface and stimulate collagen production in turn reducing discolouration and evening out complexion. In some cases, a combination of treatments might be necessary depending on the severity and location of the affected area(s).
Finally, it is essential to protect your skin from sun exposure when treating hyperpigmentation with any method. Proper sunscreen use and avoiding prolonged periods in direct sunlight are key steps in preventing the recurrence or worsening of the condition. Additionally, following a good skincare routine can help boost overall skin health while reducing the chances of future discolouration.
If you or anyone you know is currently suffering from hyperpigmentation, it is better to get immediate treatment to avoid further health-related complications. Klinik Suzana, the Skin Clinic Johor Bahru is experienced when it comes to treating hyperpigmentation and they are ready to offer a helpful consultation to you, don’t hesitate and feel free to reach out to us!